What should I teach in my Spanish ELEMENTARY’S classes? (A2)

In the previous post I explained the fundamental pillars that we should teach to our Spanish students at an initial level, which according to the Common European Framework of Languages (CEFR) is known as A1.

For those who do not know about the CEFR, it is a European standard that serves to measure the level of comprehension and expression, both oral and written, in a particular language; Spanish in this case. In this post, I outline the knowledge that is seen in level A2 (elementary), which directly follows level A1 (beginner). Together, both levels complete the basic level.

 Marco Común elementary

Specifically, once the student completes this level they will be able to:

  • Understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment).
  • Communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and everyday matters.
  • Describe in simple terms aspects of their background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

One of the teacher’s tasks is to adapt the content to the right level for each student. For that, it is essential to have sufficient experience in order to plan for the most suitable content at the appropriate time. Teaching the right stuff in the right moment will help our students to progress adequately, faster and internalise the knowledge better.

For simplicity, I have divided A2 into 3 sub-levels (A2.1, A2.2 and A2.3) where each sub-level summarises the vital information that we should teach in A2 to our Spanish students. Each table is divided into communicative resources, grammatical resources and lexical resources.

A2.1 – Some of the content to be studied at this sub-level is: the indefinite past; comparatives; how to ask for suggestions and recommendations; verbs such as “costar” (me cuesta) and “sentirse” (me siento fatal); possessive pronouns and talk about types of households. Expand the table to see all the contents.



A2.2- The outstanding content in this sub-level includes: the use of the gerund (regular and irregular forms); conditional; uses of the perfect past tense; how to excuse and justify, request and grant permission and vocabulary of weights and measures.



A2.3 – In this last part, we will study: how to speak about moods; how to describe pain, discomfort and symptoms; to argue and to debate; the imperfect tense; gerund; the expression “caer mal/bien”; diseases and important historical periods in the Hispanic world.

cuadro A3 aa.001
Ainoa Cano